Maps of the Battleground of Gallipoli (Gelibolu) and the Dardanelles A Turkish View
Author Major-General Cevat Ülkekul (ret.) graduated from the Turkish Military Academy in 1950, received a BSc Degree from the Higher Technical School of Surveying in 1953, and became a surveying engineer. In 1962, he graduated from the Faculty of Law at Ankara University. He was promoted to Brigadier-General in 1981 and to Major-General in 1986. Throughout his service, he has worked at the Turkish General Command of Mapping in a variety of technical and administrative positions. He has published 16 books—three in Turkish and English; two in Turkish, English and French; and the remaining in Turkish. He has published more than 30 articles in a variety of journals, one of which was published abroad. The author’s research has focused on Turkish cartography, cartography of the world, and the history of Turkish maritime mapping, with a strong focus on Piri Reis, a famous sailor, geographer and cartographer.
Translator Colonel Osman Alp, Ph.D. graduated from the Turkish Military Academy in 1985 and from the Higher Technical School of Surveying in 1987, where he received a BSc degree and graduated as a surveying engineer. After graduation, he began working in the Department of Geodesy (his specialty) at the General Command of Mapping. He received his Master’s and Ph.D. degrees in Geodesy from Istanbul Technical University in 1993 and 1998, respectively. He also earned a Master’s degree in European Union Law from the Faculty of Law at Selçuk University in 2007. Throughout his service, he has worked at various departments of the General Command of Mapping, the National Mapping Agency for Turkey. He has also taught surveying courses at the Higher Technical School of Surveying, Gazi University, and the Middle East Technical University.
Editor Brendan Whyte completed a doctorate in political geography at the University of Melbourne, and is currently Assistant Curator of Maps at the National Library of Australia, where he pursues research interests in transportation, cartographic and military history.
Editor Christopher Pugsley has authored/edited 19 books. A former Senior Lecturer in War Studies at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, he is an Adjunct Professor in the School of Humanities, University of Canterbury; a Distinguished Alumni of the University of Waikato and Fellow of the Royal Historical Society. He is a Vice President of the Western Front Association and was appointed an officer in the New Zealand Order of Merit in 2015.
Introduction: The Dardanelles and the Golden Gate
World War I and the Dardanelles
- Mapping of the Gallipoli Theater by Britain and France Before the Landings
- 1:40,000 Maps Signed by Mustafa Kemal
Turkish Maps of the Gallipoli Theater
- The Turkish Mapping Department and Its Activities Before World War I
- Map Size and Nomenclature
- Production Principles and Priorities
Maps Produced in the Period Leading Up to the Gallipoli Campaign
Raised-Relief Maps of the Dardanelles and Vicinity Produced Before 1914
- Special Two-Dimensional Maps of the Dardanelles
Map Production Before and During the Gallipoli Campaign (1913-1915)
British and French Mapping During the Gallipoli Campaign
- How Did the Allied Powers Capture Our 1:25,000 Maps?
Maps Produced After the Gallipoli Campaign
- Special 1:5,000 Maps Produced Immediately to Record the Postwar Situation
- 1:25,000 Raised-Relief Map of the Dardanelles and the War Zone
- Annotations and Decorative Elements on the Raised-Relief Map
- Table Listing Allied Warships Sunk During the Gallipoli Campaign
- Inset Map of the Sea of Marmara
- Special Annotation on the Gallipoli Campaign
- Hand-Woven Silk Rug Map Produced After the Gallipoli Campaign
- Details of the Hand-Woven Silk Rug Map
Naval Charts Used in the Gallipoli Campaign
Closing Words to Express Three Debts of Gratitude
To the Martyrs of Gallipoli
Glossary of Key Terms